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О‘П‡О±О№О№П‚ the Achaian land - Good for fever, Xen.; a gaqo/n e sti, c inf., it is good


О‘П‡О±О№О№П‚



the Achaian land

, with or without gai=a, Il. • (sub. gunh/)

an Achaian woman

, Il.

О‘П‡О±О№ОїП‚



Achivus, Hom.:— *)axaioi/, oi(,

the Achaians

or

Greeks

generally, Hom.

О±П‡ОµП…П‰



(grieving, sorrowing, mourning, Hom. • from the same Root !ax, came also • aor2 in Causal sense,

to grieve, vex, annoy, distress

, Hom.: so also, redupl. fut. a)kaxh/sw, epic aor1 a)ka/xhsa, Hom.; and a pres. a)kaxi/zw • pass.

to be grieved, distressed

, Hom.; c. gen. causae,

to grieve for

a person, Hom.; rarely c. dat.

to grieve at

a person's death, Od.; the cause of grief also in partic., mh/ ti qanw a)kaxi/zeo Od. • later c. acc.

to lament

, Soph.

О‘П‡О№О»О»ОµП…П‚



(From a)/xos,

the grief

of the hero being the subject of the Il., cf. *)odusseu/s) •

Achilles

, son of Peleus and Thetis, prince of the Myrmidons.

О±П‡ОїП‚



pain, distress

, Hom., Pind., attic Poets.

О±П€ОїПЃПЃОїП‚



(poetic for a)yo/rros) •

going back, backwards

, Il., Soph.:—neut. a)/yorron as adv.,

backward, back again

, Il., Aesch., Soph.

О±П€



(backwards, back, back again, Hom. • of actions,

again, in return

, Hom.; so, a)\y au)=tis, a)\y pa/lin,

yet

again, Il.

О±П‰



= a)/hmi,

to blow

. • = i)au/w,

to sleep

, used only in aor1 a)/esa, epic a)/essa Od.; also 1st pl. contr. a)/samen, Od.

О±П‰



to hurt

, contr. from a)a/w.

О±П‰



(a)/menai contr. for a)e/menai) • trans.

to satiate

, ai(/matos a)=sai *)arh=a

to give

him

his fill

of blood, Il. • intr.

to take one's fill of

a thing, c. gen., xroo\s a)/menai, xroo\s a)=sai Ib; so in Mid., a)/sesqe klauqmoi=o, poth=tos a)/sasqai Il.

ОІО±ОёП…ОґО№ОЅО·П‚



(deep-eddying, Il., Hes.

ОІО±ОёП…ОєОїО»ПЂОїП‚



with dress falling in deep folds

(cf. baqu/zwnos), of Trojan women, Il. •

with deep, full breasts, deep-bosomed

, Aesch.; of the earth, Pind.: cf. baqu/sternos.

ОІО±ОёП…ПЃПЃОµО№П„О·П‚



(

ОІО±ОёП…ПЃПЃОїОїП‚



(deep-flowing, brimming, Il., Soph.

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altus, Hom., etc.; baqe/hs au)lh=s from

high-fenced

court, Il.; h)io/nos propa/roiqe baqei/hs

the deep

, i. e.

wide

, shore, Il.; in Prose, of a line of battle, Xen. •

deep

or

thick

in substance, of a mist, Hom.; of ploughed land, opp. to stony ground, Il., Eur.:—

deep, thick

, of woods, corn, clouds, Il., Hdt., etc.; of hair, Xen. •

violent

, of a storm, Il. • generally,

large, copious, abundant

, kle/os, klh=ros Pind.; baqei=a te/ryis Soph.; baqu\s a)nh/r a

rich

man, Xen.; b. u(/pnos

deep

sleep, Theocr. • of the mind,

deep

, Il., Aesch.; baqu/tera h)/qea Hdt. • of Time,

far-advanced, late

, baqu\s o)/rqros (v. o)/rqros); baqu\ th=s h(liki/as Ar.; b. gh=ras Anth. • adv. baqe/ws, Theocr.

ОІО±О№ОЅП‰



(Root !ba) • in most forms, • intr.

to walk, step

, properly of motion

on foot

, possi\ or posi\ bai/nein Hom., etc.; c. inf. in Hom., bh= i)e/nai, bh= i)e/men

set out

to go,

went

his way, Il.; bh= qe/ein

started

to run, Il.; bh= d' e)la/an, Il., etc.:—c. acc. loci, Soph.; and with all Preps. implying motion, as, e)pi\ nho\s e)/bainen

was going on

board ship, Od.; e)f' i(/ppwn ba/ntes

having mounted

the chariot, Od.; bai/nein di' ai(/matos

to wade

through blood, Eur., etc. • in perf.

to stand

or

be

in a place, xw=ros e)n w(=i bebh/kamen Soph.; often almost= ei)mi/

(sum)

, eu)= bebhkw/s

on a

good

footing

, well

established, prosperous

, Hdt., etc.; so, oi( e)n te/lei bebw=tes they who

are

in office, Hdt., Soph.; cf. curo/n. •

to go, go away, depart

, Il., Soph.; be/bhka euphem. for te/qnhka, Aesch., Soph.:—of things, e)nne/a e)niautoi\ beba/asi nine years

have come and gone

, Il. •

to come

, ti/pte be/bhkas; Il.:

to arrive

, Soph. •

to go on, advance

, e)s to/de to/lmhs, e)s tosou=ton e)lpi/dwn Soph. • c. acc.

to mount

, Hom. only in aor1 mid., bh/sasqai di/fron:— Pass., i(/ppoi baino/menai

brood

mares, Hdt. • xre/os e)/ba me debts

came on

me, Ar. • in Poets, with acc. of the instrument of motion, which is simply pleonastic, bai/nein po/da

to advance

the foot,

step on

, Eur., etc. • Causal, in fut. bh/sw, aor1 e)/bhsa:—

to make to go

, bh=sen a)f' i(/ppon, e)c i(/ppwn bh=se

brought

them

down

from the chariot, Il. The pres. in this sense is biba/zw.

ОІО±О»О»П‰



(Root !bal) • Act.

to throw

: • with acc. of person or thing aimed at,

to throw so as to hit, to hit

one with a missile, opp. to

striking

(tu/ptw, ou)ta/w), blh/menos h)e\ tupei/s Il.; c. dupl. acc. pers. et partis, min ba/le mhro o)i+stw=i Il.: c. acc. cogn. added, e(/lkos, to/ min ba/le the wound which

he gave

him, Il.:—also, ba/le kat' a)spi/da

smote upon

it, Il. • of things, h(ni/oxon r(aqa/migges e)/ballon Il.; of the Sun, a)kti=sin e)/ballen (xqo/na) Od.:

to strike

the senses, of sound, ktu/pos ou)/ata ba/llei Il. • metaph., b. tina\ kakoi=s

to smite

with reproaches, Soph., etc.; fqo/nos ba/llei tina/ Aesch. • with acc. of the weapon thrown,

to throw, cast, hurl

, balw be/los Il; e)n nhusi pu=r ba/llein Il.:—with dat. of the weapon,

to throw

or

shoot with

a thing, xermadi/oisi Il.; be/lesi b. tina Hom.; b. e)pi/ tina

to throw at

one, Thuc.; e)pi\ skopo/n or skopou= Xen. • generally of anything thrown, ei)s a(/la lu/mat' e)/ballon Il., etc.:—of persons, b. tina\ e)n koni/hisin, e)n dape/dwi Hom., etc.; metaph., e)s kako b. tina/ Od.; b. tina\ e)s fo/bon Eur.; also, e)n ai)ti/ai or ai)ti/a b. tina/ Soph. •

to let fall

, e(te/rwse ka/rh ba/len Il.; b. a)po\ da/kru pareiw=n Od. • of the eyes, e(te/rwse ba/l' o)/mmata

cast

them the other way, Od., etc. • in a loose sense,

to throw, to put, place

, e)n sth/qessi me/nos ba/le Il.; o(/pws filo/thta met' a)mfote/roisi ba/lwmen

may put

frienship between them, Il.; b. ti/ tini e)n qumw=i Od.; e)s qumo b.

to lay

to heart, Soph. •

to put round

, a)mf' o)xe/essi ba/le ku/kla Il.; and of clothes or arms, a)mfi\ d' *)aqh/nh w)/mois ba/l' ai)gi/da Il. • balw/n is sometimes added, like labw/n or e)/xwn, at the end of a sentence, almost as an expletive,

with

, Soph. • intr., potamo\s ei)s a(/la ba/llwn

falling

, Il.; e)n pe/dwi balw= (sc. e)mauth/n) Aesch. • pasce corvos! abi in malam rem! Ar. • Mid.

to put for oneself

, e)ni\ qumw=i ba/lleu

lay it

to heart, Od.; e)s qumo ba/llesqai/ ti Hdt.; e)f' e(wutou= balo/menos

on one's own judgment, of oneself

, Hdt. • to/ca or ci/fos a)mf' w)/mois ba/llesqai

to throw about one's

shoulder, Il. • e)s gaste/ra ba/llesqai, of a woman,

to conceive

, Hdt. •

to lay the foundations of, begin to form

, oi)kodomi/an, strato/pedon, Plat., etc.; b. a)/gkuran to

cast

anchor, Hdt. • rarely, xro/a ba/llesqai loutroi=s

to dash one's

flesh with water, bathe, Hhymn.

ОІО±ПЃП…П‚



(poet. gen. pl. fem. barew=n for bareiw=n) •

heavy

in weight, opp. to kou=fos, Hdt., etc.: in Hom. mostly with a notion of

strength and force

, xei=ra barei=an Il., etc.: also,

heavy with age

or

suffering

, gh/rai, no/swi Soph. • graviter ferre, Hdt., etc.; bare/ws a)kou/ein to hear

with disgust

, Xen. •

violent

, Theocr., Plat., etc. •

weighty, impressive

, NTest. • of persons,

severe, stern

, Aesch., Soph.:—also,

wearisome, oppressive

, Eur., Dem.: in good sense,

grave, dignified

, Arist. • of soldiers,

heavy-armed

, Xen. • of impressions on the senses, • of sound,

strong, deep, bass

, Od., Aesch., Soph. • of smell,

strong, offensive

, Hdt., Soph.

ОІО±ПѓО№О»ОµП…П‚



(deriv. uncertain) •

a king, chief

, Hom.: later it was

an hereditary king

, opp. to tu/rannos, Hdt., attic; a)/nac b. lord

king

, Aesch.: c. gen., b. new=n Aesch.; oi)wnw=n b., of the eagle, Aesch.:—Hom. has a comp. basileu/teros

more of a king, more kingly

, Sup. basileu/tatos

most kingly

. • of

the king's son, prince

, or any one sharing in the government, Od. • generally,

a lord, master, householder

, Il., Pind. • at Athens,

the second of the nine Archons

was called basileu/s; he had charge of the public worship, and the conduct of criminal processes, Plat., etc. • after the Persian war,

the king of Persia

was called basileu/s (without the Art.), Hdt., attic; more rarely o( basileu/s, or o( me/gas bas. Hdt.

ОІО±ПѓО№О»ОµП…П‰



(to be king, to rule, reign, Hom., etc.; of a woman,

to be queen

, Hom.; c. gen.

to be king of

, Od.; also, o)/fr' *)iqa/khs kata\ dh=mon basileu/oi Od.; in aor.

to have become king

, Hdt.; c. dat.

to be king among

others, Od.:—Pass.

to be governed by a king

, Plat.:

to submit to the king

, Plut. •

to be master of

a thing, c. gen., Theocr.

ОІО±ПѓО№О»О·О№П‚



(poet. fem. of basi/leios) •

royal

, Il., Eur.

ОІО±ПѓОєП‰



(akin to bai/nw, cf. xa/skw, xai/nw) • (only used in imperat. ) • ba/sk' i)/qi

speed thee! away!

Il.; also

come!

Aesch.

ОІОµО»ОїП‚



(ba/llw, as Lat. jaculum from

jacio

) •

a missile

, esp.

an arrow, dart, bolt

, Hom.; of the rock

hurled

by the Cyclops, Od.; of the ox's leg

thrown

at Ulysses, Od.; u(pe\k bele/wn out

of the reach of darts

, out

of shot

, Il.; so e)/cw belw=n Xen. • like e)/gxos, used of

any weapon

, as

a sword

, Ar.:

an axe

, Eur. • the a)gana\ be/lea of Apollo and Artemis in Hom. always denote

the sudden, easy death

of men and women respectively. • after Hom. of

anything swift-darting

, *zhno\s be/lh

the bolts

of Zeus, thunderbolts, Aesch.; pu/rpnoun b. Aesch.; be/lh pa/gwn the piercing frosts, Soph.:—metaph., o)mma/twn be/los the

glance

of the eye, Aesch.; i(me/rou be/los the

shaft

of love, Aesch.; of arguments, pa=n teto/ceutai be/los Aesch.

ОІОµО»П„ОµПЃОїП‚



(Prob. from same Root as bou/lomai.) • (poet. comp. and superl. of a)gaqo/s) •

better, more excellent

, be/ltero/n e)sti

it is better

, c. inf., Hom.; in Theogn., Aesch., etc.

ОІОµОЅОёОїП‚



(poet. for ba/qos, as pe/nqos for pa/qos) •

the depth

of the sea, Hom.; also in pl., qala/sshs be/nqea, e)n be/nqessin a(lo/s Il., Hom.:—also of a wood, be/nqesin u(/lhs Od.

ОІОµОїОјО±О№



(Homeric fut. with no pres. in use) •

I shall live

(akin to bio/w):— others regard it epic fut. of bai/nw.

ОІО·О»ОїП‚



(

ОІО·ПѓПѓО±



(deriv. uncertain) •

a wooded comb

or

glen

, Hom., Soph.

ОІО№О±



bodily strength, force, power, might

, Hom., etc.; periphr. bi/h *(hraklhei/h

the strength

of Hercules, i. e. the strong Hercules, Il.; bi/h *diomh/deos Il.; *tude/ws bi/a, *polunei/kous b. Aesch., etc. • of the mind, Il. •

force, an act of violence

, Od.; in pl., Od.; in attic, bi/ai tino/s

against

one's

will, in spite of

him, Aesch., Thuc., etc.; bi/ai frenw=n Aesch.; also bi/ai alone as an adv.,

perforce

, Od., etc.; so, pro\s bi/an tino/s and pro\s bi/an alone, Aesch.

ОІО№О±П‰



= bia/zw) •

to constrain

, Il.:— Pass.

to be forcibly driven

, of fire, Hdt.; qana/twi bihqei/s

overpowered

, Hdt. • as Dep. in act. sense,

to constrain, press hard, overpower

, Hom.; bih/sato ku=m' e)pi\ xe/rsou i

ОІО№ОІО±П‰



(poet. form of bai/nw) •

to stride

, pe/lwra biba=i he

takes

huge

strides

, Hhymn.; e)bi/baske, 3rd sg. ionic imperf., Hhymn.; elsewhere in part., makra\ bibw=nta, makra\ bibw=sa Hom.

ОІО№ОїП‚



a bow

, Il.

ОІО№ОїП‚



vita, Od., etc.; in pl., ti/nes kai\ po/soi ei)si\ bi/oi; Plat. • in Poets = zwh/, bi/on e)kpnei=n Aesch.; a)poyu/xein Soph. •

life-time

, Hdt., Plat. • victus, Hes., Soph., etc.; to bi/on poiei=sqai a)po/ tinos to make one's

living

of a thing, Thuc., etc. •

a life, biography

, as those of Plut.

ОІО№ОїП„ОїП‚



= bi/os I) • (life, Il., Trag. • victus, Hom. •

the world, mankind

, Anth.

ОІО»О±ПЂП„П‰



(Root !blab, v. bla/bh) •

to disable, hinder, stop

Hom.:—bl. po/das

to disable

the feet,

to lame

them, Od.:—Pass., o)/zwi e)/ni blafqe/nte the horses

caught

in a branch, Il.; bla/ben a(/rmata

were stopped

, Il.; *dio/qen blafqe/nta be/lemna

stopped, made frustrate

by Zeus, Il. • c. gen.

to hinder from

, bla/ptousi keleu/qou Od.:—Pass., blabe/nta loisqi/wn dro/mwn

arrested

in its last course, Aesch. • mente captus, Il. • after Hom.

to damage, hurt, mar

, opp. to wilful wrong (a)dikei=n), Aesch., etc.

ОІО»ОµП†О±ПЃОїОЅ



(mostly in pl. the eyelids, Hom. •

the eyes

, Trag.: a(me/ras ble/faron, nukto\s ble/faron, i. e. the sun, the moon, Soph., Eur.

ОІО»П‰ПѓОєП‰



(The Root is mol, so that blw/skw is for molw/skw, mlw/skw; cf. qrw/skw from !qor.) • (me/mblwka is for memo/lwka) •

to go

or

come

, Hom., Trag.
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