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Online Sources - Shenandoah National Park Handbook

Online Sources


Virginia Foundation for the Humanities. Encyclopedia of Virginia. (http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/).

Gilliam, George H. and William G. Thomas. The Ground Beneath Our Feet: Shenandoah National Park (http://www.vahistory/org/shenandoah.html).

National Park Service. History E-Library (http://www.nps.gov/history/history/)

National Park Service. NPS Stats (http://www.nature.nps.gov/stats/)

New York Times historical newspaper archive

Virginia Historical Society. The Civil Rights Movement in Virginia (http://www.vahistorical.org/civilrights/pec.htm)

Ayers, Edward L. The Valley of the Shadow: Two Communities in the American Civil War (http://valley.lib.virginia.edu/)

Photographic and Digital Archives


Library of Congress, American Memory Collection

National Park Service, Harpers Ferry Center

National Park Service, Denver Service Center

National Park Service, Shenandoah National Park


1 Sources: Engle, Everything Was Wonderful; Engle, In the Light of the Mountain Moon; Engle, Skyline Drive (http://www.nps.gov/shen/historyculture/skylinedrive.htm); Engle, The Greatest Single Feature; National Park Service web site on Skyline Drive; Lambert, Administrative History of Shenandoah National Park; Lambert, The Undying Past; Powell, The Anguish of Displacement; Powell, “Answer at Once” [NOTE: THIS FOOTNOTE SHOULD BE RETAINED WHEN SPECIFIC NOTES ARE DELETED]

2. Gibson and Jung, Historical Census Statistics, U. S. Census Bureau, ; Pierce, The Great Smokies, 52.

3. Pierce, The Great Smokies, 48-52.

4 Quoted in Engle, The Greatest Single Feature, 16.

5. This group did not specify a particular location for the park they wanted, so their efforts cannot be directly linked to agitation for a park in the Great Smoky Mountains. But they did list as possible areas the Great Smokies and parts of the Balsams, and sent the Senate a map showing the general area desired for the park. See Campbell, Birth of a National Park, 15, and Smith, "The Appalachian National Park Movement," 47, 53-54.

6Report from the Secretary of Agriculture in Relation to the Forests, Rivers, and Mountains of the Southern Appalachian Region, Senate Document 84 (1901) (http://www.foresthistory.org/ASPNET/Publications/region/8/southern_app/contents.htm)

7. Frome, Strangers in High Places,174-78; Smith, "The Appalachian National Park Movement," 44-47, 52-65. Brown, "Smoky Mountains Story," 122-23 and 133-34; Eller, Miners, Millhands, and Mountaineers, 114-16.

8 Barringer, Selling Yellowstone: Capitalism and the Construction of Nature, 18-32. See Reed Engle’s excellent discussion, “Roads and Parks Before the Skyline Drive,” The Greatest Single Feature: A Skyline Drive (2006), 1-4

9 Spence, Dispossessing the Wilderness (1999).

10 Dunn, Cades Cove: The Life and Death of a Southern Appalachian Community, 1818-1937 (1988).

11 This sidebar is based primarily upon Reed Engle, In the Light of the Mountain Moon: An Illustrated History of Skyland (2003); Stan Cohen, Historic Springs of the Virginias: A Pictorial History (1981); Darwin Lambert, The Undying Past of Shenandoah National Park (1989); Edward Beyer, Album of Virginia, or, Illustration of the Old Dominion (1858); and numerous online sources.

12 Homestead advertisement in Shenandoah National Park: Official Pictorial Book (Harrisonburg VA: National Survey Institute, 1929).

13 Virginia Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy, Division of Geology and Mineral Resources (http://www.dmme.virginia.gov/DMR3/copper.shtml; accessed 18 March 2010).

14 Engle, In the Light of the Mountain Moon, 23ff.

15 Engle, In the Light of the Mountain Moon, 29-30.

16 Engle, In the Light of theMountain Moon, 30-35.

17 Engle, In the Light of the Mountain Moon, 72.

18 Engle, In the Light of the Mountain Moon, 63-86.

19 Engle, In the Light of the Mountain Moon, 76.

20 Engle, In the Light of the Mountain Moon, 41-43.

21 Engle, In the Light of the Mountain Moon, 45-49

22 Carrie Janney-Lucas, “Panorama” (http://www.nps.gov/shen/historyculture/panorama.htm; accessed 8 April 2010).

23 Engle, In the Light of the Mountain Moon, 34-35.

24 Carrie Janney-Lucas, “Panorama” (http://www.nps.gov/shen/historyculture/panorama.htm; accessed 8 April 2010).

25 Engle, In the Light of the Mountain Moon, 94.

26 Engle, In the Light of the Mountain Moon, 101.

27 Engle, In the Light of the Mountain Moon, 103-109.

28 Engle, Darwin Lambert’s Herbert Hoover’s Hideaway, 29-33.

29 Engle, Darwin Lambert’s Herbert Hoover’s Hideaway, 3.

30 Lambert, Undying Past, 218.

31 Engle, Darwin Lambert’s Herbert Hoover’s Hideaway, 6, 9-18, 37.

32 Engle, Darwin Lambert’s Herbert Hoover’s Hideaway, 27-28. At virtually the same time, Lawrence Richey, acting on his own but apparently with Hoover’s knowledge, purchased in March 1929 the 1500-acre Catoctin Manor, twelve miles from Frederick, Maryland, including four miles of fishing streams, as a fishing retreat for himself and the President. “Two Summer Fishing Grounds Chosen for Hoover in Virginia and Maryland,” New York Times, 20 March 1929, 1.

33 Engle, Darwin Lambert’s Herbert Hoover’s Hideaway, 13-14, 22.

34 Engle, Darwin Lambert’s Herbert Hoover’s Hideaway, 74.

35 Engle, Darwin Lambert’s Herbert Hoover’s Hideaway, 23-27.

36 Engle, Darwin Lambert’s Herbert Hoover’s Hideaway, 21, 25, 33-34, 85.

37 Further information on Pine Knot, now restored and open to the public, is available at http://www.pineknot.org. See also Patrick Robbins, “Pine Knot: Theodore Roosevelt’s Rustic Virginia Retreat,” The Rural Virginian, 2 July 2010.

38 Quoted in Engle, Darwin Lambert’s Hoover’s Hideaway, 41.

39 Engle, Darwin Lambert’s Hoover’s Hideaway, 43-51.

40 “Drive for Economy Widened by Hoover,” New York Times, 19 May 1931, 16.

41 Engle, Darwin Lambert’s Hoover’s Hideaway, 10.

42 Engle, Darwin Lambert’s Hoover’s Hideaway, 32-37.

43 Unless otherwise indicated, this short version of the story is based upon Engle, Darwin Lambert’s Hoover’s Hideaway, 53-61.

44 Engle, Darwin Lambert’s Hoover’s Hideaway, 58.

45 Madison Eagle, 6 September 1929, 14 February 1930.

46 Engle, Darwin Lambert’s Herbert Hoover’s Hideaway, 69.

47 Engle, Darwin Lambert’s Herbert Hoover’s Hideaway, 88-99.

48. Carr, Wilderness by Design, 1-10, 139-87, 146; Shaffer, See America First, 94.

49. McClelland, Presenting Nature, 78, 104; Sutter, Driven Wild, 102-10; Shaffer, See America First, 102-06, 117-19; Carr, Wilderness by Design, 147,151; Sellars, Preserving Nature in the National Parks, 59-60.

50. Sutter, Driven Wild, 102 -10; Carr, Wilderness by Design, 5-9; 77, 146-52. McClelland, Presenting Nature, 78, 104; Shaffer, See America First, 102-06, 117-19; Sellars, Preserving Nature in the National Parks, 41-43; National Parks Portfolio (1921).

51 Louter, Windshield Wilderness: Cars, Roads, and Nature in Washington’s National Parks (2006) and Whisnant, Super-Scenic Motorway: A Blue Ridge Parkway History (2006).

52. 39 Stat. 535, "An Act to Establish a National Park Service, and for Other Purposes" (1916), reprinted in Dilsaver, America's National Park System, 46; and Carr, Wilderness by Design, 5-7.

53. Sutter, Driven Wild, 110; "Lying Lightly on the Land, NPS, 2010-07-19 18:44 Читать похожую статью
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